what are hardy - ramanujan numbers and what kind of question can be asked on basis of these numbers? pls explain.

Hardy-Ramanujan numbers are natural numbers that can be expressedas the sumof 2 cubes in 2 different ways.

Eg:-

1729(13,123;93,103)

4104(23,163;93,153)

13832(183,203;23,243)

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1729 is the natural number following 1728 and preceding 1730. 1729 is known as the Hardy–Ramanujan number after a famous anecdote of the British mathematician G. H. Hardy regarding a hospital visit to the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. In Hardy's words

I remember once going to see him when he was ill at Putney. I had ridden in taxi cab number 1729 and remarked that the number seemed to me rather a dull one, and that I hoped it was not an unfavorable omen. "No," he replied, "it is a very interesting number; it is the smallest number expressible as the sum of two cubes in two different ways."


The two different ways are these:

1729 = 13 + 123 = 93 + 103

The quotation is sometimes expressed using the term "positive cubes", since allowing negative perfect cubes (the cube of a negative integer) gives the smallest solution as 91 (which is a divisor of 1729):

91 = 63 + (−5)3 = 43 + 33
 

 

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